On Thursday, March 5, over ten blocks on Broadway, from City Hall to Canal Street, were filled with workers protesting against budget cuts at what was called the Rally for New York. The demonstration of at least 50,000the organizers claimed 70,000was called by a coalition of unions and community organizations led by big public-sector unions, the United Federation of Teachers (UFT, part of the national AFT), the health care workers union, SEIU 1199, and AFSCME District Council 37 (DC 37).
Facing a budget deficit of $14 billion for the coming fiscal yearthe biggest in state historyGovernor Paterson is proposing massive cuts to state spending on health care, education and other services. Despite billions coming to New York State from the federal stimulus there will still be cuts and pressure on workers to make concessions.
New York City also has a budget deficit of over $4 billion. Earlier this year, Mayor Bloomberg threatened to layoff 23,000 workers, 15,000 coming from the Department of Education. This was an exaggerated threat used mainly as a scare tactic since the federal aid for education seems, at least for now, to have prevented this level of mass layoffs.
Had this threat still been on the table the demonstration would likely have been much larger. Nonetheless, the scare tactic laid the groundwork for demanding concessions from the city workers unions. For example, Bloomberg is asking for that all city workers pay 10% of their health care premiums (they basically pay nothing now except co-pays) and wants to introduce a Tier 5 pension for new hires with reduced benefits.
New York City is being hit especially hard with the fallout from Wall Street. Almost 50,000 jobs were lost in 2008 and the 2009 projection is for job losses three times as high. The deepening uncertainty developing as a result of the deteriorating economy in the US, combined with cuts and direct threats to workers forced the public-sector unions to take action if only to blow off steam and dissipate some of the pressure developing from below.
The main leadership of the demonstration called the action primarily to support legislations called the Fair Share Tax Reform that would increase taxes on the wealthy. There is no doubt that there should be a more progressive tax system. In 2008 in the midst of crisis, Wall Street still handed out $18 billion in bonuses. This year’s state and city deficits could be covered by these Wall Street bonuses alone. However, this particular tax reform, while helping somewhat, would only reduce the magnitude of painful cuts, according to a union leaflet distributed in the lead-up to the event.
Socialists argue that workers are not responsible for this crisis and should not have to pay for it. Instead of talking about shared sacrifice and other weak demands put forward by the union leaders, we say there should be no cuts and no layoffs. We say the rich should pay for the crisis of their system.
While the rally was officially called for fair solutions and tax reform, some of the speakers took a more militant tone threatening to not vote for those that supported cuts – meaning specific politicians, not the Democratic Party as a whole. Another speaker demanded there be no budget cuts explaining that cuts were not inevitable. The mood of the workers was clearly hostile to the idea of any budget cuts or givebacks.
Student Contingent Joins the Demo
No Tuition Hike! No Cuts! No Layoffs! They say, ‘cutbacks’, we say, ‘fight back!’ chanted the student rally held at Borough of Manhattan Community College (BMCC), one of the many campuses in the City University of New York (CUNY) public higher education system.
CUNY students are facing big increases in tuition, cuts to financial aid and other budget cuts. Socialist Alternative and other left groups played a central role in initiating and organizing this high-energy rally that marched to City Hall to join the bigger union rally. Despite lacking an official permit, the 500-strong march spontaneously took the streets with no resistance from the police. This mini-victory contributed to overall enthusiasm and energy to the student protest.
The student action took place after some smaller protests at other CUNY schools last semester. There have also been two student occupations at two private universities in New York City, in December and February, inspired in part by the recent Chicago factory occupation and Greek student sleepovers. These events illustrate a certain radicalization taking place amongst students and youth and a growing desire to take action.
The student occupations, however, did not achieve in any real way what the participants were demanding, illustrating the need to build broader support in particular from organized labor. Even if the March 5 union demonstration may not have seemed as exciting to the students as their own rally and march, linking the students action with the workers’ was important in developing a sense of being part of something bigger and the need for common struggle.
Build the Fight-back
March 5 marked the first mass mobilization in New York City against cuts in the context of the world economic crisis and was an important first step. It takes place in a period where the US labor movement is at an historic low. Over the last couple of years, activism and workers struggles in the city have been almost non-existent. The last major battle was the 2005 transit workers strike which ended in defeat and demoralization as the workers were fined for breaking the Taylor Law, the anti-union legislation which makes public-sector strikes in New York State illegal.
The fact that the media mostly blacked out March 5 could be seen by some as depressing but it actually reflects the fear of the establishment of the mobilization of union power on the streets at this time of crisis. The elite are especially concerned that this could be the start of a new assertiveness by unions facing pressure from below. Unfortunately the union leadership will mainly see this as an exercise in blowing off steam and will be on no hurry to mobilize their members in the near future.
We could not disagree more. March 5 should not be a one-time event but the beginning of on-going mobilizations of workers to confront the cuts and mass layoffs. Public sector workers will have to be prepared even to defy the Taylor Law at some stage, to clearly demonstrate their collective will to fight back.
Workers must seek to develop their own political voice. The unions backing a no cuts slate in the local elections, independent of the two major parties, would have a tremendous impact rallying thousands of workers behind a campaign to stop the cuts.
The unions should also broaden the struggle and take a bolder stance – first demanding that workers not pay for the crisis, but also condemning the bank bailouts and demanding a bailout for working people. We must build campaigns against cuts, layoffs, and foreclosures, for single-payer health care, for living wage jobs and for massive public works programs. These campaigns must be linked together in a general struggle to defend the interests of workers and youth.